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Digital Divide

A dissertation on the digital divide that proposes a divide rating scale:

There is an interesting data set here that would be worth viewing.

An e-mail comment from Bob Craig: "The work on the digital divide looks really interesting to me but I lack the expertise in that area to provide much useful feedback. If reactions at the conference were promising I hope you are moving it toward publication."

The paper is done more or less. See I opened another page on this site for discussion of the paper: TheDigitalDivide. The paper is also available for download in MS Word format from the conference site: Other papers from the symposium are availble at

I've also posted a second paper derived from the conference. It is done. See I opened up another page on this site for discussion: CliffAndContinuum. I am contemplating a related paper (or at least a submission of this one). See CliffAndContinuumDesignPattern.

An e-mail forward from Tamara (Tammy) Trownsell wrote:

Low cost e-mail device for multilingual users

 By Shiv Kumar, Indo-Asian News Service

Mumbai, Sep 27 (IANS) An Indian company has unveiled a low-cost portable e-mail device that can handle text-based applications in several Indian languages.

The istation, as the device is called, can be plugged into any telephone jack and mail can be sent and retrieved from an e-mail account, said Narsimha Prabhu, chief technical officer of Bangalore-based Inabling Technologies Private Ltd., the manufacturer of the device.

The istation weighs just 770 grams, comes with a built-in keyboard and an LED display. Unlike a regular computer, istation has its own operating system though it is compatible with regular HTTP mail services like Hotmail, Yahoo! and the POP3 service provided by Internet serviceproviders, says Prabhu.

The product touts a number of advantages to suit low-income users. The device, which can be plugged into a printer, can also be used by small and medium enterprises to access inventory levels, stock movements and collections. It also runs on a battery backup, useful during long power failures.

For an additional monthly charge of Rs. 100, users of istation can avail of five e-mail accounts. However, mail can only be sent and received through the company's server.

Subscribers can also avail of a number of services like weather reports, stock market information and astrological predictions.

Professionals like salesmen and journalists are being targeted for the product. "Salespersons of companies will have to just plug in the istation and obtain data quickly," says Prabhu, who began his career with C-DOT, the pioneering information technology (IT) company founded by Sam Pitroda.

The pre-launch publicity for the product conducted a few months ago resulted in a few big clients for the company, says John Arvamuthan, the chief executive officer. According to him, The New Indian Express and The Hindu, the main newspapers in the south, have placed bulk orders for the product.

Inabling Technologies Ltd. is also promoted by B.V. Jagadeesh, co-founder of Exodus Communications, a one-time hot property in Silicon Valley.

The Karnataka government has also backed the product by installing istations in telephone booths in 70 villages across the state. "This will enable villagers to obtain information on land records, crop information etc. at a low cost," says Arvamuthan.

  --Indo-Asian News Service

Here are some additional notes that I didn't use in these papers.

The concept of indigenous media plays well to the ideas I want to play out in the paper.

Juanillo, Napoleon K., Jr., and Scherer, Clifford W. (1993). A paradigm shift? Indigenous media and development in the Southeast Asian context. Asian Journal of Communication. 3 (2), 1-29.

Additional reference possibilities:

On language, linguistic, or cultural imperialism or extinction:

From the New York Times: April 9, 1998, Thursday. Indians Striving to Save Their Languages. JAMES BROOKE . The New York Times. Most of North America's Indian languages have survived to end of 20th century despite five centuries of population decline, assimilation and linguistic oppression; of approximately 300 Indian languages that existed when Europeans first arrived in what is now US and Canada, 211 are still spoken; with impact of television and increased mobility among Indians, North America's native languages are suffering their sharpest free fall in recorded history; University of Alaska linguist Michael Krauss says of 175 Indian languages still spoken in US, only 20 are still spoken by mothers to babies; says Federal Government spends only $2 million a year to save endangered Indian languages; there is belated movement among American Indians to rescue their languages from extinction.

-- Last edited September 18, 2015

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Unless otherwise noted, the contents of this page were written by participants on the Media Space Wiki, operated by Davis Foulger, and should be cited accordingly. For example (APA):
Foulger, D. and other participants. (September 18, 2015). Digital Divide. MediaSpaceWiki. Retrieved on from
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