Reference Bibliography

Adrianson, Lillemor, and Hjelmquist, Erland. User Experiences of COM - a computer-mediated communication system. Behavior and Information Technology, vol 7.1, 1988, 79-99.

Babatz, R., Pankoke-Babatz, U., Santo, H., and Theidig, G. Experimental Use of KOMEX in the GMD. Computer Compacts, Vol. 1.2, 1983.

Baird, P. M. and Borer, B. An experiment in computer conferencing using a local area network. The Electronic Library, June, 1987, pp. 162-169.

Baldwin, Thomas F., Greenburg, Bradley S., Block, Martin P., and Stoyanoff, Nicky. Rockford, Ill. Cognitive and Affective Outcomes. Journal of Communication, Spring 1978, pp. 180-194.

Bales, R. F. A set of categories for the analysis of small group interaction. American Sociological Review, 15, 257-263.

Bamford, H. E. Computer Conferencing -- The exchange of experience. Telecommunications Policy, Vol 4.3, 1980, pp. 215.

Barney, C. and Cross, T. B. The Virtual Meeting: A Report on Computer Conferencing. ComputerWorld, Vol 16.38 (1982).

Bechoefer, A. S. Electronic Publishing: The new newsletter. Byte, May 1983, pp. 124-130.

Benson, D. and Hughes, J. A. The Perspective of Ethnomethodology. New York, Longman, 1983.

Bosomworth, Kenneth and Foulger, Davis. Telecommunications Market Opportunities: Impact of the AT&T Settlement. Norwalk, CT, International Resource Development, 1982.

Bottomly, Kirk. CompuServe means business. PC World, December, 1984, pp. 56-63.

Bush, Vannevar. As we may think. Atlantic Monthly, July 1945, pp. 101-108.

Casaca, A. J. Interpersonal communications using computers. 1988 CERN School of Computing, Proceedings, 1989, pp. 63-95.

Catchings, Bill. The Micro to Mainframe Connection. PC Magazine, January 22, 1985, pp. 109-113.

Crickman, R. and Kochen, M. Citizen Participation through Computer Conferencing. Technology, Forecasting, and Social Change, Vol 14.1 (1979), pp. 47-64.

Cross, T. B. Computer Conferencing. ComputerWorld, 18.31A (1984), pp. 37-39.

Cross, T. B. Computer Tele-Conferencing and Education. Educational Technology, 23.4, pp. 29-31.

Cross, T. B. and English, P. D. Computer Teleconferencing -- Virtual Networking. In Wideband Communications: State of the Art Report. Maidenhead, Berkshire, England, Pergamon Infotech, 1983.

Daney, C. and Uhlig, R. P. The VMSHARE Computer Conferencing Facility. In Computer Message Systems (Conference Proceedings). Netherlands, North-Holland, 1981.

Daney, C. A Micro-Mainframe Primer. PC Magazine, January 22, 1985, pp. 114-130.

Derfler, Frank J. Jr. The Async Link. PC Magazine, January 22, 1985, pp. 131-137.

Deutchmann, P. J. The sign-situation classification of human communication. Journal of communication. 1967, 7.2, 63-73.

Dizard, Wilson P. Jr. The Coming Information Age: An Overview of Technology, Economics, and Politics. New York, Longman, 1982.

Dodd, W. P. Electronic Journal Experiment. Data Processing, Vol. 25.5 (1983), pp. 34-36.

Downs, Anthony. Inside Bereaucracy, Boston, Little-Brown, 1967.

Dubrow, H. Genre: the critical idiom. New York, Methuen, 1982.

Ducey, Richard V. The Adoption and Application of Telecommunication Technologies by Home Consumers (Doctoral Dissertation, Michigan State, 1983). Dissertation Abstracts International, 1983.

Edwards, M. Stay-at-home-conferences: More than just an energy saver. Infosystems, Vol 28.8 (1981), pp. 48-54.

Eger, John M. U.S. Proposal for Progress Through Negotiations. Journal of Communication, Summer 1979, pp. 124-128.

Elton, Martin and Carey, John. Computerizing Information: Consumer Reactions to Teletext. Journal of Communication, Winter 1983, pp. 162-173.

Englebart, Douglas C. A Conceptual Framework for the Augmentation of Man's Intellect. In Howerton, Paul W. and Weeks, David C. (ed). Vistas in Information Handling. Washington, D.C.; Spartan Books, 1963.

Englebart, Douglas C. Design considerations for knowledge workshop terminals. AFIPS Conference Proceedings, Volume 42. Montvale, NJ, AFIPS Press, 1973.

Englebart, Douglas C. (1978) Toward Integrated, Evolutionary Office Automation Systems. Proceedings of the Joint Engineering Management Conference. Denver, CO, 16-18 Oct 1978.

Englebart, Douglas C. (1982a). Viewports into Tommorrow's Knowledge Workshops. In the Record of the Committee on Rules and Adminstration, United States Senate, Ninety-Seventh Congress, December 8, 1982: The Use of Computer and Communications Systems in the U.S. Senate. Washington, D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office, 1983.

Englebart, Douglas C. (1982b). High-Performance Knowledge Work -- Executive Summary. In the Record of the Committee on Rules and Adminstration, United States Senate, Ninety-Seventh Congress, December 8, 1982: The Use of Computer and Communications Systems in the U.S. Senate. Washington, D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office, 1983.

Englebart, Douglas C. (1982c). Evolving the Organization of the Future: A Point of View. In Robert Landau, James Bair. and Jeannie Siegman (ed). Emerging Office Systems. Norwood, N.J. Ablex, 1982.

Englebart, Douglas C (1984a). Collaboration Support Provisions in Augment. In 1984 Office Automation Conference Digest. AFIPS Press, 1984.

Englebart, Douglas C (1984b). Authorship Provisions in Augment. In COMPCON '84 Digest, Computer Society Press, 1984. (Proceedings of the 1984 COMPCON Conference, San Francisco, CA, February 27-March 1).

Englebart, Douglas C. and English, William K. A Research Center for Augmenting Human Intellect. AFIPS Conference Proceedings, Volume 33 Part 1. Washington, D.C., The Thompson Book Company, 1968.

Englebart, Douglas C., Watson, Richard W., and Norton, James C. The Augmented Knowledge Workshop. AFIPS Conference Proceedings, Volume 42. Montvale, NJ, AFIPS Press, 1973.

Fayol, H. General and Industial Administration. New York, Pittman, 1949.

Feenberg, A. Network Design: An operating Manual for Computer Conferencing. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communications. Vol PC 29.1, 1986, pp. 2-8.

Feldman, M. S. Electronic Mail and Weak Ties in Organizations. Office, Technology, and People, 3 (1987), pp. 83-101.

Ferguson, J. A. PLANET: A computer conferencing system and evaluation through a case study. Behavioral Research Methods and Instrumentation, Volume 9.2, 1976.

Flavin, R. A. and Williford, J. D.. The Network Application Manager. Byte, December, 1985, pp. 203-216.

Flavin, R. A., Williford, J. D., and Barzilai, H.. Computer Conferencing Data Structures in the GRANDiose System. IEEE transactions on Professional Communiactions, Vol PC 29.1, 1986, p. 34-44.

Foo, E. L., DaSilva, E, Smith, M. N., James, R. C., Reining, P., Greening, D., and Heden, C. Electronic messaging and conferencing on HIV/AIDS. Electronic Message Systems 88, Proceedings, 1988, pp. 295-305.

Foulger, D. Within and About Communication: A time series study of communication monographs. Paper Presented to the International Communication Association; May, 1980.

Foulger, Davis (1981a). "Free" national electronic bulletin board. Electronic Mail and Message Systems, March 16, 1981, pp. 6-7.

Foulger, Davis (1981b). Wang to test Compound Document Network. Electronic Mail and Message Systems, April 15, 1981, pp. 8-11.

Foulger, Davis (1981c). Postal Strike a boon for Electronic Message Services. Electronic Mail and Message Systems, July 15, 1981, pp. 1-4.

Foulger, Davis (1981d). Electronic Solutions to the Air Flight Crunch. Electronic Mail and Message Systems, August 17, 1981, pp. 1-4.

Foulger, Davis (1981e). Electronic Mail goes "On the air". Electronic Mail and Message Systems, September 15, 1981, pp. 1-4.

Foulger, Davis (1981f). Postal Rate Increases and Electronic Mail Growth (Part 2). Electronic Mail and Message Systems, November 2, 1981, pp. 1-5.

Foulger, Davis (1981g). Building an Adequate Consumer Electronic Mail Terminal. Electronic Mail and Message Systems, November 16, 1981, pp. 5-6.

Foulger, Davis (1981h). "Telephone Tag" spurs growth in computer-based electronic mail. Electronic Mail and Message Systems, December 1, 1981, pp. 10-12.

Foulger, Davis (1982a). The Electronic Mail and Messaging Year -- 1981. Electronic Mail and Message Systems, January 1, 1982, pp. 1-5.

Foulger, Davis (1982b). The Electronic Christmas Card (or) Personal Communication on the Local Network is Good News. Electronic Mail and Message Systems, January 1, 1982, pp. 9-12.

Foulger, Davis (1982c). Antitrust Settlement Terms Suggest Strong AT&T Moves into Electronic Mail, Information Vending, Enhanced Information Services. Electronic Mail and Message Systems, January 15, 1982, pp. 1-8.

Foulger, Davis (1982d). ECOM Opens with Opportunities for Electronic Mail Vendors: But Will the Industry Take Advantage of Them? Electronic Mail and Message Systems, January 15, 1982, pp.9-10.

Foulger, Davis (1982e). Integrated Communications Software for Microcomputers. Electronic Mail and Message Systems, February 1, 1982, pp. 1-4.

Foulger, Davis (1982f). Electronic Messages via Local Networks: Ethernet vrs IEEE 802. Electronic Mail and Message Systems, March 1, 1982, pp. 1-6.

Foulger, Davis (1982g). An Introduction to Microcommunications. Lifelines, June 1982, pp. 44-49.

Foulger, Davis (1982h). The Basics of Microcommunications Software. Lifelines, July 1982.

Foulger, Davis (1982i). Building Ideal Microcommunications Software. Lifelines, August 1982.

Foulger, Davis (1983a). REFnet. Reference Magazine, January, 1983, pp. 27, 42-43.

Foulger, Davis (1983b). CrossTalk. Lifelines, February 1983, pp. 12-15.

Foulger, Davis (1983c). Hardware as Software: The Hayes Smartmodem. Lifelines, August 1983, pp. 26, 36.

Fulk, Janet, Steinfeld, Charles W., Schmitz, Joseph, and Power, J. Gerard. A Social Information Processing Model of Media Use in Organizations. Communication Research, 14.5, October, 1987, 529-552.

Gengle, Dean. The Netweaver's Sourcebook. Reading, MA; Addison Wesley, 1984.

Geertz, C. Thick Description: Toward an Interpretive Theory of Culture. In The Interpretation of Cultures. New York, Basic Books, 1973.

Geertz, C. Works and lives: The Anthropologist as Author. Stanford, CA; Stanford University Press, 1988.

Glossbrenner, Alfred. The Complete Handbook of Personal Computer Communications. New York, St. Martins Press, 1983.

Glossbrenner, Alfred (1984a). Online With A Special Interest. PC Magazine, March 6, 1984, p.401-404.

Glossbrenner, Alfred (1984b). Tricks of the On-line Trade. PC Magazine, October 16, 1984, p.176-192.

Glossbrenner, Alfred (1984c). On-line College. PC Magazine, October 30, 1984, p.297-299.

Goffman, Erving. On Face Work: An Analysis of Ritual Elements in Social Interaction. Psychiatry, 18, 213-231.

Guillaume, J. Computer Conferencing and the development of an Electronic Journal. Canadian Journal of Information Science, Vol 5 (1980), 21-29.

Gunter, Johnathan F. An Introduction to the Great Debate. Journal of Communication, Autumn 1978, pp.142-156.

Grayson, J. C. Jr. Networking by Computer. Futurist, Vol. 18.3, pp. 14-17.

Hahn, H. A. Analysis of Quantitative Data From Computer Conferencing. Proceedings of the Human Factors Society, 1987, pp. 946-950.

Haight, Timothy R. and Rubinyi, Robert M. How Community Groups Use Computers. Journal of Communication, Winter 1983, pp. 109-117.

Hancock, C. Common Ground. Byte, December, 1985, pp. 239-246.

Hansen, Augie. High-Tech Mimicry. PC Tech Journal, September, 1984, pp. 47-55.

Hansen, Augie. Electronic Messaging. PC Tech Journal, February, 1985, pp. 141-149.

Harvard Business School. IBM Computer Conferencing: Draft Case Study. Harvard Business School, 1988.

Harris, Mark. On-line Network News. PC Magazine, October 16, 1984, pp. 143-145.

Havelock, Eric. Preface to Plato. Boston, MA; Harvard University Press, 1963.

Hayles, George C.. Dialing for Financial Data. PC Magazine, October 16, 1984, pp. 155-163.

Heintz, Alden. The Dangers of Regulation. Journal of Communication, Summer 1979, pp. 129-134.

Henry, J. Pathways to Madness. New York, Vintage Books, 1973.

Hewes, Jeremy Joan. Dialog: the Ultimate On-Line Library. PC World, Volume 1, Number 6 (1983), pp. 74-88.

Hiltz, Starr Roxanne. The Computer Conference. Journal of Communication, Summer 1978, pp. 157-163.

Hiltz, Starr Roxanne, and Turoff, Murray. The Network Nation: Human Communication via Computer. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1978.

Hiltz, S. R., Turoff, M., Johnson, K., and Uhlig, R. P. The effect of structure, task, and individual attributes on consensus in computerized conferences. In Computer Message Systems (Conference Proceedings). Netherlands, North-Holland, 1981.

Hiltz, Starr Roxanne. A study of the determinants of acceptance of computer-mediated communication systems. Sigchi Bulletin, Vol 14.4 (1983), 16-17.

International Resource Development. Computer-Based Electronic Mail. Norwalk, CT; International Resource Development, 1981).

Jaburek, W. J. and Trappl, R. Teleconference via Videotex. In Cybernetics and System Research 2. Netherlands, North-Holland, 1984.

Jacobson, Robert E. The Hidden Issues: What Kind of Order? Journal of Communication, Summer 1979, pp. 149-155.

James, J. S. The Conference Tree: Computer Conferencing on Personal Computers. Dr. Dobbs Journal. Vol. 6.10 (1981), pp. 14-15.

Jardine, N. and Sibson, R. Mathematical Taxonomy. New York; Wiley, 1971.

Johansen, R. and DeGrasse, R. Computer-Based Teleconferencing: Effects on Working Patterns. Journal of Communication, Summer 1979, pp. 30-41.

Johansen, R., Vallee, J., and Spangler, K. Electronic Meetings: Technical Alternatives and Social Choices. Reading, MA; Addison-Wesley, 1979.

Jordan, Larry. In Box Out Box. PC World, June 1984, pp.132-138.

Kaplan, B. Online Process Observation. Proceedings of the Human Factors Society, 1987, pp. 951-955.

Karten, Howard A. In Search of a Significant Dialog. PC Magazine, August 21, 1984, p.265-270.

Keen, Peter G. Telecommunications and Organizational Choice. Communication Research, vol. 14.5, October, 1987, 588- 606.

Kerr, E., and Hiltz, R. S. Computer-Mediated Communication Systems: Status and Evaluation. New York; Academic Press, 1982.

Kiesler, S., Siegal, J., and McGuire, T. W. Social Psychological Aspects of Computer Mediated Communication. American Psychologist, October 1984, pp. 1123-1134.

Kiesler, S. The hidden messages in computer networks. Harvard Business Review, January-February, 1986, pp. 46-60.

Koehler, Jerry W., Anatol, Karl W. E., and Applbaum, R. L. Organizational Communication: Behavioral Perspecives (2nd Edition). New York; Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1981.

Krasnoff, Barbara (1984a). Transmitting Messages with MCI. PC Magazine, February 21, 1984, pp. 261-263.

Krasnoff, Barbara (1984b). Databases: Believe it or not. PC Magazine, October 16, 1984, p.127-130.

Lancaster, Kathleen Landis (ed). International Telecommunications: User Requirements and Supplier Strategies. Lexington, MA; Lexington Books, 1982.

Lerch, I. A. The movable Conference. Byte Magazine, May 1983, pp. 104-120.

Levinson, Paul. Marshall McLuhan and Computer Conferencing. IEEE Transactions on Professional Computering, Vol PC 29.1, March, 1986, p. 9-11.

Levinson, S. M. Cross-System Conferencing with CLACR. Byte, December, 1985, pp. 273-286.

Lindquist, M., Benenfeld, A. R., and Kazlauskas, E. J. 3RIP-COM: Integrating information retrieval and computerized conferencing. In Communicating Information (conference proceedings). White Plains, NY, Knowledge Industry Publications, 1981.

Lipinski, H., Adler, R., and Shoemaker, S. Electronic Communication for interactive group modeling. In Computer Networks and simulation II. Netherlands, North-Holland, 1982.

Livingston, D. Computer Conferencing. Datamation, Vol. 30.11, 1984.

Lucas, William A. Spartenburg, S.C. Testing the Effectiveness of Video, Voice, and Data Feedback. Journal of Communication, Spring 1978, pp. 168-179.

Magid, Lawrence J. Electronically Yours. PC World, June, 1984, pp. 48-54.

Maude, T. I., Dodd, W. P., Pullinger, D., and Shackel, B. The BLEND electronic journal system. IUCC Bulletin. Volume 5.1 (1983), pp. 22-26.

Maude, T. I., Heaton, N. O., Gilbert, G. N., Wilson, P. A., and Marshall, C. J. An Experiment in Group Working on Mailbox Systems. In INTERACT'84 (Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1). Netherlands, Elsevier, 1984.

Marchand, M. Telematics in France: Panorama and prospects. Online Review, 12.2, 1988, 109-116.

Marcus, M. L. Toward a "Critical Mass" Theory of Interactive Media. Communication Research, 14.5, 1988, 491-511.

Marvin, Carolyn. Computer Systems: Prospects for a Public Information Network. Journal of Communication, Autumn 1978, pp. 172-183.

Marvin, Carolyn, and Winther, Mark. Computer Ease: A Twentieth-Century Literacy Emergent. Journal of Communication, Winter 1983, pp. 92-108.

Matheson, K. and Zanna, M. P. The Impact of Computer-Mediated Communication on Self-Awareness. Computers in Human Behavior, 4, 1988, 221-223.

Mayer, A. J. W. Storage Architectures. Byte, December, 1985, pp. 221-234.

Mayo, Elton. The Human Problems of Industrial Civilization. New York, MacMillan, 1933.

McLuhan, Marshall. Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man. New York, McGraw Hill, 1964.

McLuhan, Marshall and Powers, Bruce. Ma Bell Minus the Nantucket Gam: Or the Impact of High-Speed Data Transmission. Journal of Communication, Summer 1981, pp. 191-199.

McManis, C. Local Power in a Remote Link. Byte, December, 1985, pp. 251-258.

Meeks, B. N. An Overview of Conferencing Systems. Byte, December, 1985, pp. 169-184.

Mendelsohn, Harold. Delusions of Technology. Journal of Communication, Summer 1979, pp.141-143.

Micossi, Anita. The Ten-Second Commute. PC World, December, 1984, pp. 119-127.

Mills, M. K. Timeless Access -- Faculty Development through Computer Conferencing. In ACM - SIGUCCS eleventh user services conference proceedings. New York, ACM, 1983.

Moody, H. G. The Teleconferencing Dream Deferred. Information Strategy, Summer 1987, pp. 45-49.

Mortensen, Erik. Adapting electronic mail to management's needs. Administrative Management, August 1987, pp. 26-31.

Motolese, E. Fondi, R. Salvadori, E., Vignalli, M. and Uhlig, R. P. MAIL2K: A computer mail package for local applications. In Computer Message Systems (Conference Proceedings). Netherlands, North-Holland, 1981.

Murray, D. E. A Survey of Computer-Mediated Communication. IBM Corporation, Scientific Center Report, 1986.

Murrel, Sharon L. The Impact of Communicating Through Computers (Doctoral Dissertation, State University of New York at Stonybrook, 1983).

New Views: Computers and New Media -- Anxiety and Hopes. Report by The Commission on New Information Technology. Stockholm, 1979.

Nisenhotz, M., Morphos, E. M., and Mason, R. E. A. Information Technology and new forms of participation in the narrative. In Information Processing '83 (Conference Proceedings). Netherlands, North-Holland, 1983.

Oeffinger, J. C. Merging Computers and communication: A case study in Latin America. Telematics and Informatics, 4.3, 1987, 195-210.

Olsen, L. Computer-based writing and communiation: Some implications for technical communication activities. Journal of Technical Writing and Communication, 19.2, 1989, pp. 97-118.

Paisley, William. Computerizing Information. Lessons of a Videotext Trial. Journal of Communication, Winter 1983, pp.153-161.

Palme, J. Experience with the use of COM computerized conferencing system. Software World, Vol. 13.3 (1982) pp. 2-11.

Palme, J. (1984a). Experience with the COM Computer Conference System. In INTERACT'84 (Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1). Netherlands, Elsevier, 1984.

Palme, J. (1984b). COM/PortaCOM conference system: Design Goals and Principles. In INTERACT'84 (Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1). Netherlands, Elsevier, 1984.

Palme, J. (1984c). Survey of Computer-Based Message Systems. In INTERACT'84 (Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1). Netherlands, Elsevier, 1984.

Palme, J. (1985a). Conferencing Standards. Byte, December, 1985, pp. 187-192.

Palme, J. (1985b). Database Sturucture in PortaCOM. Byte, December, 1985, pp. 195-200.

Palme, J. Distributed Computer Conferencing. Computer Networks and ISDN Systems, 14, 1987, 137-145.

Palme, J. Extending Message Handling to Computer Conferencing. Computer Communication Technologies for the 90's. Proceedings. North Holland, 1988, pp. 44-49.

Pankoke-Babatz, U (1984a). The Computer Conferencing System KOMEX. In INTERACT'84 (Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1). Netherlands, Elsevier, 1984.

Pankoke-Babatz, U (1984b). Results from Evaluation Studies with The Computer Conferencing System KOMEX. In INTERACT'84 (Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1). Netherlands, Elsevier, 1984.

Pearlman, Dara. A School Without Walls. PC Magazine, April 16, 1985, pp. 225-230.

Pearson, E. M. Computer Conferencing for enhanced communication: its potential for academic and research communities. Presented at the 10th Anniversary Essen Symposium, Essen University Library, 1987.

Peiper, M. Methodological Problems of Human Factors Research in Long-Termed CBMS Field Trials. In INTERACT'84 (Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1). Netherlands, Elsevier, 1984.

Peiper, M. and Williams, M.B. Computer Conferencing and Human Interaction. In Pathways to the Information Society: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Computer Communication. Netherlands, North-Holland, 1982.

Pfaffenberger, Bryan. Research Networks, Scientific Communication, and the Personal Computer. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communications, Vol PC 29.1, 1986, p.30-33.

Phelps, R. H. and Richards, R. E. Computer Conferencing: Lessons learned and further research. Proceedings of the Human Factors Society, 1987, pp. 937-939.

Pipe, G. Russell. National Policies, International Debates. Journal of Communication, Summer 1979, pp. 114-123.

Piturro, Marlene C. Computer Conferencing: Brainstorming Across Time and Space. Management Review, August, 1989, pp. 43-50.

,Pool, Ithiel de Sola (ed.). The Social Impact of the Telephone. Cambridge, MA; MIT Press, 1977. 0x..

Potier, D. Use of Computer Conferencing at INRIA. Computer Compacts, Vol. 1.5, 233-237.

Pullinger, D. J. Chit-Chat to Electronic Journals: Computer Conferencing Supports Scientific Communication. IEEE Transactions on Professional Computing, Vol PC 29.1, 1986, pp. 23-29.

Pyne, A. M. Future Developments in Electronic Messaging. Electronic Message Systems 88, Proceedings, 1988, pp. 23-32.

Rash, Wayne Jr. E-Mail for the masses. Byte Magazine, February, 1985, pp. 317-322.

Reardon, R. The essentials of successful corporate messaging. Electronic Message Systems 88. Proceedings, December, 1988.

Reeves, B. and Borgman, C.L. A Bibliometric Evaluation of Core Journals in Communication Research. Human Communication Research; Fall, 1983, pp. 119-136.

Rice, Ronald E. Human Communication Networking in a Teleconferencing Environment. (Doctoral Dissertation, Stanford University, 1982).

Rice, Ronald E. Longitudinal Role Development and System Structure of Researchers Using a Computer Conferencing System. In M. Burgoon (ed) Communication Yearbook 6, Beverly Hills, CA, Sage, 1982.

Rice, Ronald E. and Case, Donald. Electronic Message Systems in the University: A Description of Use and Utility. Journal of Communication, Winter 1983, pp. 131-152.

Rice, R. E. and Paisley, W. The Green Thumb Videotex Experiment: Evaluation and Policy Implications. Telecommunications Policy, 6.3 (1982), 223-235.

Richards, R. E. and Phelps, R. H. Computer Conferencing -- Can it help the army train? Proceedings of the Human Factors Society, 1987, pp. 941-945.

Robinson, Kenneth. Public Information and "Electronic Publishing" Services. Journal of Communication, Autumn 1982, pp. 103-113.

Roethlisberger, E. J. and Dickson, W. J. Management and the Worker.Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1939. ,

Rogers, Buck. The IBM Way: Insights into the World's Most Successful Marketing Organization. New York, Harper & Row, 1986. 0x..

Rogers, Everett M., and Agarwala-Rogers, Rekha. Communication in Organizations. New York; Free Press, 1976.

Rosenthal, Steve, and Cook, Karen. Express Yourself through MCI Mail. PC Magazine, June 12, 1984.

Saporito, B. Are IBM and Sears Crazy? Or Canny? Fortune, September 28, 1987, pp. 74-80.

Saunders, C. S. and Heyl, J. E. Evaluating Educational Computer Conferencing. Journal of Systems Management, April, 1988, pp.33-37.

Schiller, Dan. Business Users and the Telecommunications Network. Journal of Communication, Autumn 1982, pp. 84-96.

Schiller, Herbert I. Computer Systems: Power for Whom and for What? Journal of Communication, Autumn 1978, pp. 184-193.

Shaw, Marvin E. A note concerning Homogeneity of Membership and Group Problem Solving. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 60, 448-450.

Sherblom, J. Direction, Function, and Signature in Electronic Mail. The Journal of Business Communication, 25, 1988, 39-53.

Simard, R. The Nuclear Notepad -- Teleconferencing to enhance nuclear reactor safety. In NTC '81 (conference proceedings; Vol. 1). New York, IEEE, 1981.

Smith, C. The educational value of computer mediated communication. Media in Education and Development, 21.4, December, 1988, p. 169-171.

Smith, R. C. Teaching Special Relativity through a Computer Conference. American Journal of Physics, 56.2, February, 1988, pp. 142-147.

Sneath, P.R., and Sokal, R. Numerical Taxonomy; the principles and practice of numerical classification. San Fransisco; Freeman, 1973. ,

Sobel, Robert. IBM: Colossus in Transition. New York, Times Books, 1981. 0x..

Spitzer, M. Writing Style in Computer Conferences. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, Vol. PC 29.1, 1986, p. 19-23.

Stahr, Lisa B. Communications for IBM Personal Computers and Compatibles. New York, Simon and Schuster, 1985.

Stahr, Lisa B. Supercommunicators Expand Frontiers. InfoWorld; April 8, 1985, p.29.

Steinfeld, Charles W. and Fulk, Janet. On the Role of Theory in Research on Information Technologies in Organizations. Communication Research, Vol. 14.5, October, 1987, 479-490.

Steiner, Ivan D. Group Process and Productivity. Academic Press, New York, 1972.

Stone, M. David. Posting a Message On-Line. PC Magazine, October 16, 1984, pp. 165-173.

Strom, B.I. and Naffah, N. Computer-Conferencing -- Past, Present, and Future. In Office Information Systems: Proceedings of the second international workshop. Netherlands, North-Holland, 1982.

Taylor, J. R. and Naffah, N. Computer-Aided Message Systems: An Organizational Perspective. In Office Information Systems: Proceedings of the second international workshop. Netherlands, North-Holland, 1982.

Taylor, Jared. On-line House Calls. PC Magazine, October 16, 1984, pp. 135-138.

Teger, A. I. and Pruitt, D. G. Components of Group Risk Taking. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 3, 1971, pp. 11-12.

Thorn, Brian K., and Connolly, Terry. Discretionary Data Bases: A Theory and Some Experimental Findings. Communication Research, Vol 14.5, October, 1987, 512-528.

Tucker, Marc S. The Turning Point: Telecommunications and Higher Education. Journal of Communication, Winter 1983, pp. 118-130.

Turkel, S. The Second Self: Computers and the Human Spirit. New York, Simon and Schuster, 1984.

Turoff, M. and Hiltz, S. R. Exploring the future of human communication via computer. Computer Compacts, Vol. 1.2, 1983, 78-83.

Turoff, M. and Hiltz, S. R. Computer Mediated Communications and Developing Countries. Telematics and Informatics, 1987.

Turoff, M. The Anatomy of a Computer Application Innovation: Computer Mediated Communication (CMC). Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 1989, 107-122.

U.S. Department of Commerce. Computer Conference on Legnocellulose Conversion. National Academy Press; Washington, D.C., 1984).

Vallee, Jacques. Computer Message Systems. New York, McGraw Hill, 1984.

VIDEOTEX'81 (Conference Proceedings). Northwood Hills, Middlesex, UK; Online Conferences Inc., 1981. ,

Watson, Thomas J., Jr. A Business and its Beliefs. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1963. 0x..

Wicker, A.W. Size of Church Membership and Member's Support of Church Behavior Settings. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 13, 1969, 278-288.

Williams, Frederick. The Communications Revolution. Beverly Hills, CA; Sage, 1982.

Williford, J., Santero, B., and Flavin, R. GRAND Computer Conferencing - What have we learned? IBM Research Report RC 13001 (#58278).