- Postmodernism and Ethical Relativeism
- Is Rokeach a post-modern perspective?
- Is this an ethical relativism?
A Note on Lie Detection:
The Ethics of Creation
Spinoza and reason; Durkheim and ethical relativism
- Leslie, p. 67-72, 94-94, and 161-185
- Three principles
- reason alone can provide accurate and dependable knowledge
- the universe is governed by rational law
- reason is the only acceptable guide to living
- The proper course of behavior is found in finding the ideal good against which action can be measured.
- our reaction determines the quality of our experience
- good is that which is useful
- evil is that which hinders us from processing good
- We should develop a personal code of morality composed of such ideals and use it as a guide to making reasoned decisions.
- Decision Rule: Using a self-determined ideal standard, rationally find a solution that is just, reasonable, and honorable.
- social philosophy an early version of scientific naturalism
- Society and morality are intertwined.
- Scientific method can be applied to social problems.
- If morality is a product of society, judgments of ethical right and wrong are justifiable only in the context of that society.
- Society can and does motivate ethical behavior
- as a society changes, so to do its ethics
- cultural ethical relativism
- Moral facts and ideals are not abstract concepts, but concrete realities.
- Decision Rule:: How does the proposed action contribute to and reflect the existing moral fabric of your society.
Ethical Issues in Journalism: What is truth?
- as an industry, a subset of the publishing industry
- as a profession or trade, the practice of delivering the news
- It may be that there are
- no rules of admission
- no sanctioning bodies
- no mechanism for removing unqualified or unethical practioners
- no governing body that oversees work in the field,
- but it remains that the practice of delivering the news requires:
- an ability to understand
- what you find
- the conflicting agendas of those who promote it
- and make reasoned decisions about
- what to report
- how it should be reported
- professional news carriers can be traced to primitive societies
- practioners were often held to high ethical standards
- and occasional immediate punishment
- the first formal written news was found outside the Roman Senate
- real distributed news sheets (Corontos) started to appear before the printing press arrived
- printed news sheets were an almost immediate application of the printing press
- and generated considerable controversy
- John Peter Zenger was simply the American exception to a long running British persecution of news sources
- Newspapers really took off in the early 19th century
- the penny press
- the telegraph
- today's oldest papers can trace their roots back to that time (The New York Post, for instance)
- Journalism training didn't get started until the end of the 19th century
- The beginnings of journalism schools, sponsered by the muckraking publishers of that time.
- Journalism ethics was a primary issue from the beginning
Values associated with the news
- Audience: Does this effect my audience?
- Impact: How much of my audience does it effect?
- Proximity: How near is the audience to the effect
- Timeliness: Is it important today? Will it be old tomorrow?
- Prominence: Are well known individuals involved?
- Unusualness: Is it different?
- Conflict: Are opposed forces at work?
- Facts, Truth, and Perspective
- Slanting the News
- False Light
- Embarrassing Private Facts
- Public versus private figures
- The public's right to know
- Tabloid Journalism
- Conflict of Interest
- Engineering Opportunity
- Hiding dirty laundry
- the publishers interest
- advertizers interests
- Check Book Journalism
- Manipulation of the news
- Staged News Events
- Manipulation of facts
- Selective Disclosures
- Altering Photos
- Getting it right
- Checking the facts
- Premature reporting
|| -- Last edited September 18, 2015 |
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Foulger, D. and other
participants. (September 18, 2015). Ethics Session Eleven. MediaSpaceWiki. Retrieved on from
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