Index Card Assignment Due today: Imagine you have enough money to start your own broadcast news network. Suppose also that you have a bias that you would like to see expressed in the news on your broadcast network. What could you do to ensure that your point of view is broadcast with the news?
- Organizational Culture
- Most communication is built on organizations
- Communication enables organizations
- Organizations enable communication
- Organizational culture shapes communication
- Organizations are simply a large collection of relationships
- The Cultural Agent
- A culture is a way of doing things
- Or more properly a set of ways (Weick)
- They are set in motion by people
- And influence the actions of other people
- Involve implicit and explicit policies, rules, roles, codes, and judgments
- Once an action is taken in a particular way, it has the force of a precedent
- Enactment - defining the situation and the scope of the information
- Selection - narrowing equivocality by deciding what to use and throw away
- Retention - deciding what information/meaning will be retained for future use
- Selection and retention involve double interacts
- Act = statement ("Can I have a popsicle?")
- Interact = response ("No, it will spoil you dinner.")
- Double interact = metaresponse "Well, how about half a popsicle?"). Note the adjustment.
- Assembly rules are double interact based operating procedures
- Behavior cycles are sets of double interacts used to facilitate the selection and retention process
- The ethics of an organization depend on the individual decisions of its actors and the precedents they set
- It will be up to you to either follow or set precedents
- your actions are an example to others
Leslie, p. 197-221
- Public relations is all about creating and maintaining appearances
- Polishing the image of a corporation, organization, community, group, or individual
- Spin Control
- Fake news
- Loyalty and truth
- Consider a "switch" campaign ad from Microsoft
The Organizational Agent
Anderson and Englehart, p. 81-125
- Identity: the essential self
- The rational agent: balances everyone's interests. The good person thinking well.
- Reality is more complicated. a situated, enacted agent:
- Desires and self-interest
- External demands and conflict of interest
- A product of social action: roles, position, expectations of self and others
- Conflicting values enacted within complex situations based on incomplete knowledge
- Organizations provide frames of meaning
- What people expect of us and how we expect to act
- The level of responsibility and power we have
- The extent we can expect things from others
- We belong to many organizations, each of which provides a different frame.
- Four notions of identity
- An essential being
- A collection of naturalized practices
- Cultural and relational scripts
- A set of self-images: who we think we are
- Our relationships and memberships
- The Subjective Self
- We are the product of our relationships and the labels we acquire in them.
- Relationships with others
- Boss, employee, parent, child, steacher, student
- Comparisons with others
- Tall, short, winner, loser, rich, poor, thin, fat
- We do not start out equal
- Someone is always privileged
- Different sets of rights, privileges, obligations, enablements, and constraints
- And a ready source of misunderstanding
- None of us asks for many aspects of our subjective self
- We inherit them anyway
- Ethnicity, age, caste, race, gender etc.
Rand and our obligations to self
Leslie, p. 109-115
- Ayn Rand
- Novelist: The Fountainhead; Atlas Shrugged
- Espoused objectivism, a philosophy of self-interest, and radical capitalism.
- "Man ought to live for self, not others."
- Views emphasis on others with contempt
- "Man is by nature selfish"
- Focused on heroic individual
- Devotion to work
- Rejection of convention or public opinion
- Universal concepts and ideas have objective reality
- We can perceive them with out senses
- We can use reason to integrate and act on them
- Ethics is a code of values to guide choices and acting.
- Ethics are necessary for survival.
- Ethics is rational self-interest.
- One adopts a standard, in a given context, for a given purpose.
- Ethical Decision Making Tool: ‘‘‘based on a situations objective reality, determine the standards to be followed and the goals to be met in a situation. Use reason to find the solution that best meets your needs as an individual.'''
|| -- Last edited September 18, 2015 |
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