What motivates you to get a job done. Think about three different things you have accomplished. List them. Think about the things that motivated you to do those things. List five things that motivate you to get work done.
Group Assignment for today
For your groups assigned BOINC project: (1) evaluate the instructions for joining a project and make specific recommendations for improvements; (2) put together a proposal for how your group might create value (e.g. publicize and attract contributors to) for your BOINC project. Managers are responsible for providing a progress report on your group's progress.
You should have your group company statistics in place
Start index card exercise
Reports on BOINC
Reports on company interests
Lecture on basic management models
Classical Management Approaches
Encompasses two important early approaches to management
Taylor's (1913) Scientific Management
Fayol's (1901) Administrative Science
Very different approaches
But each treats organizations as efficient machines
There is nothing new about doing this
Strict divisions of Labor and Hierarchy have existed as long as there has been the power to do so
Servants, laborers, soldiers, and slaves are just a few of the names we give people at or near the bottom or these hierarchies
Hierarchical subassemblies are, as Simon observes, the principle emergent mode of organization
Understanding such organizations became more important as human society became more complex
Fayol and Taylor approaches resonated with managers of the early 20th century
But if they are still widely used today
It is because they describe approaches to management that, paradoxically, are both
rather inhuman, in that they treat people as machines
very human, as they allow us to simplify large organizations into something comprehensible
Both describes management perspective of how organizations work productively
Managers manage information and resources. They know rather than do.
Workers are passive receptors of "orders". They do rather than know. They do not respond, provide feedback, etc.
Worker perspectives on how the work actually got done were probably somewhat different than this, but they didn't have the resources or power to create a theory.
This top-down flow of information from management to employee is epitomized in factories
Division of Labor
The Principles of Scientific Management - Frederick Taylor (1913)
Management is a science based on laws, rules, and principles.
Time and motion studies
Build productivity with time and motion studies
find the fastest worker
figure out how they managed to be fast
hold everyone accountable to that standard
Creation of "functional foremen"
Establish cost accounting
Pay for performance
Administrative Science - Henri Fayol
A "turnaround specialist"
Five elements of classical management
goal setting (commanding)
Central decision making
Respect for authority
Group assignment for Monday
Pick one of the more interesting organizations as your object of study for the semester.
Unless otherwise noted, the contents of this page
were written by participants on the Media Space Wiki, operated by Davis Foulger,
and should be cited accordingly. For example (APA): Foulger, D. and other
participants. (September 18, 2015). Organizational Spr2006 Sess06. MediaSpaceWiki. Retrieved on from